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A standard of scientific research where the researcher seeks to avoid any personal bias from interfering with the research per se.


A systematic use of our senses, primarily visual, in research. Particularly important in Qualitative Research.

Online Learning Environment

An online learning environment refers to a virtual platform where students can access educational resources and interact with instructors and peers remotely.


In our scheme of understanding articles, the first few sentences or the first paragraph of the article.


A process found in Quantitative Research where the meanings of concepts are defined in terms of the operations used to measure them.

Oral History

A type of specialized series of Interviews where one or more informants are questioned in depth about their experiences and perceptions concerning an extended period of time.